Professor Harris Levin has led a team of 23 experts who have developed and are promoting the Earth BioGenome Project. This is a global project for the study and ordering of the DNA of absolutely all eukaryotes on Earth. In other words, scientists want to find out how all the highest forms of life on our planet are arranged and function at the genetic level.
Today, only 0.2% of all known eukaryotes is genetically sequenced, and there are about 1.5 million of them. But even such bits of knowledge have already brought great benefits - we create and use drugs like morphine or aspirin not at random, as in the Middle Ages, but accurately calculating their effect on the body. GMO technologies do not stand still either, and if scientists manage to decode all types of cereals that exist on the planet, humanity will be able to grow "super wheat" that will feed future generations.
The price of the issue is $ 4.7 billion, symbolic expenses, if you look at it from the point of view of creating a planetary library of genomes, but unbearable for any scientific institution in the world. It will take at least 10 years, most of which will be spent on expeditions to remote corners of the planet. And we also need to build a data center with a data storage capacity of at least 200 petabytes.
The reward for the implementation of the BioGenom project will be the creation of new fields of activity and a radical change in the way of life of people. The concept of bioeconomy will emerge, when resource-poor countries can prosper by growing new types of food and plant materials and not be dependent on either the supply of fertilizers or the availability of technology.