Microsoft has launched a joint project with the University of Washington to create a compact device for storing large amounts of information. Over time, the device will be able to replace giant data centers. And the DNA molecule will help in solving this difficult task.
The fact is that information "packed" in DNA will take many times less space on physical media compared to data encoded in a binary system.
A prototype of such a $ 10, 000 device already exists and is working. It consists of several glass bottles of chemicals to create DNA strands and a tiny sequencer made by Oxford Nanopore to read information from them.
According to the journal Nature Scientific Reports, scientists were able to "download" and reproduce with a new device the word "Hello" ("Hello!") 5 bytes. The process took 21 hours due to the slow flow of chemical reactions associated with the "recording" of information in the DNA.
Despite such modest results, scientists consider them a success. There is a lot of work ahead as a commercially viable DNA storage system must digest information millions of times faster.