A global initiative between the Korean and Japanese companies Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Iwatani Corporation, Shell Japan and J-Power to create a new transport infrastructure based on the use of hydrogen as a fuel has yielded first results. Kawasaki commissioned the Suiso Frontier, the world's first ship designed to carry industrial volumes of liquid hydrogen. The ship will carry the unusual fuel from a plant in Australia to a terminal in Kobe, Japan.
The Australian side took on the dirtiest part of the job of extracting hydrogen from the country's surplus brown coal. From 130 tons of coal, 3 tons of hydrogen are obtained, which are delivered to the port of Hastings via a 150-kilometer pipeline. Here the gas is cooled down to -253 ° C and compressed 800 times, after which it is filled into the ships' tanks with a capacity of 1250 cubic meters. At the first stage, it will be implemented in Japan and then in Korea.
The Japanese do not specify their plans, but in South Korea they have already been made public. By 2040, 1, 200 hydrogen power plants will operate here. The roads will be used by 40, 000 buses, 80, 000 taxis, 30, 000 trucks and 6 million passenger cars using hydrogen fuel cells instead of gasoline or electricity. The air will become much cleaner, unlike distant Australia, which can pay dearly for its industrial initiative.
The fact is that the Suiso Frontier ship carries hydrogen, but it itself runs on diesel fuel. Like all equipment for the transportation and liquefaction of gas, the direct release of hydrogen from coal generates up to 100 tons of CO 2 per 3 tons of useful gas. That is, the transition to environmentally friendly hydrogen in developed Asian countries will further increase the amount of emissions and the load on the atmosphere of the entire planet. Of course, there are other ways to generate hydrogen, but at the current stage this is the chosen one.