The next annual report of the International Energy Agency (IEA) has been published, which provides data on the prospects for renewable energy sources for the next five years.
Since 2015, the production of most of the electricity from the commissioned clean energy sources (solar, wind power plants, hydroelectric power plants and nuclear power plants) has been laid down in the world than from fossil fuels - gas, fuel oil and coal.
Positive forecasts for the coming years are based on government support programs for the construction of clean energy power plants in many countries. However, despite the increase in the share of electricity from "clean" energy to 30% by 2023, coal-fired power plants remain the largest supplier of "dirty" energy in the world.
According to forecasts, hydropower plants will generate 12% of the world's electricity over the next five years, which is the highest indicator among renewable energy sources. The share of wind energy will increase to 7%, solar - will increase 3 times. It will overtake bioenergy and become the third largest source of renewable electricity.
According to the IEA, China will become the undisputed leader in the production of renewable electricity. By producing 438 gigawatts, it will increase its share of the world's clean energy “piggy bank” to 41%. Brazil is among the leaders. Almost half of all energy generated in this country will come from renewable sources.
One of the sections of the report is devoted to the growing role of bioenergy. It argues that only it reduces greenhouse gas emissions throughout the entire life cycle, avoiding social, environmental and economic consequences, so its role in the future of world energy will constantly increase.