Many chemists in the 19th century experimented with nitroglycerin, the most dangerous explosive. The aim was to make him manageable and subject to human will. How to transport nitroglycerin without exploding it from the slightest shock, how to make the force of the explosion directed and useful for life? These problems were solved by the Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite.
Even as a child, the future inventor of dynamite was very interested in chemical experiments. As the son of a Swedish manufacturer who worked in Russia for a long time and was sufficiently wealthy, Alfred received an excellent education in Germany and trained in France. After becoming a chemical scientist, he worked for several years in the United States in a steamboat factory.
In 1856, the entire Nobel family returned to Sweden, and Alfred began to work closely with nitroglycerin. The discovery happened when, when transporting bottles with a dangerous substance, covered with a layer of loose soil, one nevertheless broke. But the terrible explosion did not follow. Drawing conclusions, Nobel began to experiment with various additives to nitroglycerin. After a series of experiments, he created a unique substance that retained its terrible power, but is absolutely subject to man.
1867 is the year of birth of dynamite, which had a huge impact on human history, deciding the outcomes of wars and the fate of entire countries. Nobel selected the optimal composition of explosives: wood flour is impregnated with nitroglycerin, nitrocellulose, sodium or potassium nitrate are added. A homogeneous mixture is formed in the form of briquettes or cylinders with detonators placed inside.
A. Nobel patented dynamite for the purpose of economic use. With its help, tunnels were made in the mountains, canals were broken, river beds and the bottom of bays were cleared, mining operations were carried out in many countries, transforming the landscape for the benefit of man. This brought Nobel huge profits, he built new manufactories for the production of dynamite and by the beginning of 1880 owned twenty factories.
Soon, dynamite began to be used for military purposes. Its first use in 1870 in the war between France and Prussia showed its strength and great promise for military campaigns. Dynamite became ubiquitous for destruction and death. A. Nobel also received a lot of money from each batch of dynamite produced for the murders.
The legacy of A. Nobel
The inventor of dynamite, the “bloody millionaire, ” as the press called him, was not married and had no heirs. 1 year before his death, in 1895, he made a will that made him more famous than dynamite. A. Nobel's multimillion-dollar fortune has been serving for the benefit of life and prosperity of mankind for the second hundred years, supporting chemistry, physics, medicine, literature and activities aimed at rallying nations.
Nobel wax figure
Now dynamite is used very rarely and only for economic purposes. And its inventor is remembered as a great scientist who, after his death, participated in the development of science and art.