In the course of one of the experiments with nanostructures, an unusual behavior of electrons was recorded: they literally "flowed" like a liquid. The discovery could lead to the creation of a new generation of ultra-fast "fluid" electronics.
It is known from physics that electrons reach their highest speed when they do not meet other particles or atoms in their path. A typical example of such a medium is a complete vacuum, where the trajectory of their movement resembles the flight of a projectile. However, no one has yet succeeded in simulating such conditions.
Physicists suggest that such a medium could be graphene sheets or carbon nanotubes, but there is still no experimental confirmation of this either.
A group of Russian physicists led by Grigory Falkovich found that the absence of obstacles is not the main condition for the rapid movement of electrons. Moreover, they will be able to move even faster, interacting with each other, while moving in nanoscale pieces of graphene. The resulting so-called "quantum fluid", like a stream of water, bends around oncoming obstacles.
Scientists are convinced that a phenomenon called "e-liquid" will become the basis for a completely new direction - ultrafast electronics.