Traditional biblical image of Jesus
The University of Manchester (UK) has completed work on the reconstruction of what can be considered the most likely appearance of the man who went down in history as Jesus. Both science and religion recognize that his many images are inventions for the sake of the traditions and culture of different eras. In the Bible itself, there is not a word describing his appearance, but scientists have found two indirect hints, and forensic artist-anthropologist Richard Neave was enough to get started.
Forensic anthropology is a new science and, strictly speaking, not exact. She uses not only information about the remains, but also information about the history, weather, political situation and culture of the time and place where the desired person lived. His origins, career and biography are important, which leave an imprint on his appearance. Earlier, Neve successfully reconstructed the appearance of King Midas of Phrygia, Philip II of Macedon, the father of the great commander, and dozens of other historical figures.
The first clue: during the arrest of Jesus in the Garden of Gethsemane, on the eve of the crucifixion, the commander of the Roman soldiers demands from Judas Iscariot to indicate who is their target in this crowd. The Romans, as strangers, could not distinguish the prophet from his disciples, from which it can be concluded that Jesus had the typical appearance of a Galilean Semitic. Israeli archaeologists, at the request of the British, gave them three skulls found in the vicinity of Jerusalem and dating from that era.
After computer reconstruction, a model was compiled, which already contained soft tissues and skin, but there were two questions: what is the color of the skin and what should be the hair? Examination of pre-Bible archaeological sites has more than 90% probability of the dark eye and hair color that is characteristic of this people. Also in the Bible there is a moment when the apostle Paul calls long hair a "shame" for a person. If his teacher had a luxurious head of hair, the opinion of his student would probably have been different - which means that Jesus preferred a short haircut that was practical for a hot climate. And, as a self-respecting man of that time, he was obliged to wear a beard.
From the analysis of the remains, it was determined that the average height of the Galilean Semite of that time was only 152-153 cm, and the weight barely reached 50 kg. It is known that up to the age of 30, Jesus worked as a carpenter, which means that he must have been muscular and stocky. But he worked outside, and therefore had chapped skin and a tan, plus calloused hands. The result is a look that is completely different from the usual religious images, which, although not true, is close to a historically accurate picture. Today, when Christianity has long spread throughout the planet, believers tend to forget that its origins are in the Middle East, where there were definitely no long-haired blondes with blue eyes.
Reconstruction of the face of Jesus of Nazareth