According to WHO, in 2015, pneumonia was the cause of 16% of deaths in children under 5 years of age. More precisely, its neglected cases, when the disease was not diagnosed in time, which is the main problem for countries such as Ghana. The locals are not educated and disciplined enough to ensure disease prevention, self-study the symptoms, and see a doctor before it's too late.
The main symptoms of pneumonia are fever, rapid breathing, coughing and other breathing problems. Mothers should be able to quickly, by analogy with checking the pulse, analyze the nature of the child's breathing, identify dangerous patterns and draw conclusions. To this end, scientists in Ghana developed a method for counting breaths and wheezes using ordinary beads and simple mathematics.
Beads are used in rosary by both Muslims and Christians, this is an acceptable cultural symbol for everyone. It is convenient to carry them with you - the set is a one-minute timer on which you can lay out the handwriting of the child's breath with beads. Here, a traffic light color code is used: if, according to the results of measurements, red beads predominate in the line, you need to run to the doctor. Yellow is a sign of danger, a green pattern will calm a mother's heart.
Learning to count on beads takes 4-8 weeks, after which the efficiency of recognizing the signs of pneumonia increases to 85%. Most importantly, according to the staff of the main hospital in Accra, the capital of Ghana, a rational redistribution of responsibilities is now taking place. Mothers diagnose the disease themselves and bring only children who really need it for treatment, while doctors, instead of serving huge queues, can focus on their main job.