The deadly Ebola fever epidemic is spreading rapidly around the world. The death toll is in the thousands. Cases of infection have already been recorded in the USA, Spain, and according to all the calculations of specialists, this is just the beginning. Currently, US health authorities are busy checking 50 Texas residents who showed signs of a deadly disease, and the next in turn is the District of Columbia, where the capital of the United States, Washington, is known.
Ebola is difficult to diagnose because the early symptoms are very similar to other less dangerous ailments such as malaria and typhoid fever. So far, people who were in one of the countries of West Africa are diagnosed with the highest probability. After about 3 weeks, they show the first signs of the disease - pain in the muscles, abdomen, accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting, as well as severe headaches in combination with a high temperature over 38 ° C.
Infection with Ebola occurs after contact with the blood, secretions of an infected person, or objects with which they have come in contact. The virus is not transmitted by air.
Several tests are used to determine the infection. The most accurate is the polymerase chain reaction test, the purpose of which is to search for the genetic material produced by the virus to create copies of it. The next test is aimed at detecting antibodies that the body's immune system produces in response to infection.
Cultivation of the virus is extremely dangerous and therefore only carried out in laboratories with a high level of safety.