Passengers of the flight SU-270 Moscow - Bangkok have learned from their bitter experience what "turbulence with a clear sky" is. Nothing boded trouble when a serenely flying passenger airliner suddenly fell sharply into a 700-meter air hole. The leading Russian media reported in detail about the grave consequences of the incident.
The danger of this type of turbulence lies in its complete unpredictability, or rather, in the impossibility of determining its onset with the help of instruments. However, the physicists of the famous MEPhI did not agree with this, having created a device capable of "feeling" the approaching disaster.
The device was named "muon hodoscope" and is able to track the trajectory of muons, elementary particles that arise after the interaction of cosmic particles with the earth's atmosphere. It turned out that in this case the muons lose some of their energy.
The amount of energy expended depends on many factors - temperature, humidity, rarefaction of the air, and the intensity of the electromagnetic field. Analyzing the muon flux, it is possible to predict the processes occurring in the atmosphere, in particular, the notorious turbulence.
According to one of the creators of the device, Professor Igor Yashin, the device records the behavior of each muon, as a result of which a general picture of a section of the atmosphere is formed, like an X-ray photograph.
Scientists have created two working versions of the hodoscope - stationary and mobile.