Researchers at the University of San Diego School of Medicine have developed a new method for measuring human wisdom - SD-WISE, based on neurobiological indications.
Six main indicators are taken as a basis, each of which is associated with specific areas of the brain:
- social solutions and pragmatic knowledge of life;
- emotional regulation; reflection and the ability to understand oneself;
- tolerance for the diversity of other people's values;
- ability to work in conditions of uncertainty;
- prosocial attitudes and behaviors such as empathy and altruism.
Participants in the experiment were offered a set of instructions with which they could agree / disagree on a scale from 1 to 5. The study showed that SD-WISE was able to fully measure 5 of the 6 indicators listed above, and social decisions partially.
A total of 524 volunteers from San Diego took part in the research. In the first stage, the general level of wisdom was checked with two proven tests, after which - according to the SD-WISE method. The subjects answered 24 questions, which made it possible to evaluate some of the behavioral aspects and the work of associated areas of the brain. It is about making decisions in difficult situations, introspection, self-esteem and attitude towards people with a different worldview.
As a result, the SD-WISE method confirmed its effectiveness, and most importantly, it proved that wisdom is a specific neurophysiological function based on different intensities of the work of certain areas of the brain.