Facades made of ceramics and mushrooms will protect buildings from heat and fire

After last year's massive fires, the Australian authorities are ready to impose a ban on the use of basic types of cladding materials for buildings, as they were all too vulnerable to fire. Only the lack of an acceptable alternative stops, but scientists from the Swinburne Institute for Smart Cities already have an interesting proposal. This is a hollow ceramic honeycomb that can block the transfer of heat, sound and vibration in both directions.

The lead developer of the technology is Dr. Muharnish Latifi Hrasgen, who calls her developments nothing more than "skin for buildings." Like the protective cover of animals, they should block a maximum of negative factors, but at the same time not burden the carrier. The most recent version is called "Fireless Skin" and is a combination of ceramic honeycomb cells and mycelium filler.

Dr. Latifi does not accept the design of buildings made of glass and metal, as they concentrate the sun's rays and burn out the environment - both inside and outside buildings. Instead, she suggests covering the walls with freeform ceramic tiles. Inside, they can be left empty for weight relief or filled with mycelium. It will absorb all moisture and, as it grows, will fill the voids, forming an additional insulating layer.

By default, this is a passive protection system, but it is not too difficult to combine it with tubular cells to form air ducts within the material. And then it will be possible to move heated air through them, taking advantage of heating the walls under the rays of the sun outside or the operation of complex equipment inside. The result will be an active, "living" system - the very "skin for buildings" that Dr. Latifi dreams of.