Every day, people make dozens of conclusions about making decisions on a variety of issues - from the style of clothing to whether the oncoming suspicious-looking passer-by is a threat. As the research results show, our conclusions are usually far from clear-cut and very relative.
In a recent experiment, researchers showed people with good eyesight a series of thousands of dots in blue and dark purple and asked them to tell them if they were all blue.
During the first 200 impressions, participants saw an equal number of blue and purple dots, but then, in their opinion, the number of blue dots began to gradually decrease. As a result, it turned out the following: the dots, which they previously considered purple, began to be perceived by them as blue. That is, the concept of blue has been extended to include shades of purple.
The researchers then made the test more difficult by warning participants that the number of blue dots would decrease and even promised to pay for the "correct" answer, but the result remained the same.
Then the participants were given a more difficult task: they needed to rate how threatening the stranger's face was in the photo, or how ethical the various sentences prepared were. As soon as the number of “threatening” persons and proposals of questionable “ethics” decreased, the participants of the experiments began to perceive the former completely neutral persons and proposals as threatening and unethical.
The results obtained explain why people are pessimistic about the world around them, despite the fact that humanity has made great strides in overcoming difficult social problems of the past, such as poverty and illiteracy. However, as they gradually recede into the background, problems that were previously considered insignificant begin to take on more and more importance in the eyes of people.