One of the main disadvantages of thermal power plants is their incredible "gluttony" and a huge amount of harmful emissions. On average, up to 20 thousand tons of coal (more than 30 cars) burns daily in the furnace of a thermal power plant alone, of which about 1000 tons fly into the chimney in the form of soot, nitrogen oxides, dust and ash.
The goal of the joint project of the Kemerovo KuzGTU and the Chinese Shandong University is to create a technology for cleaning emissions from thermal power plants from toxic compounds. According to the first vice-rector of KuzGTU Oleg Taylakov, the work will be completed in 2016.
Cleaning is planned to take place in several stages. First, a special component will be added to the coal that binds sulfur and turns it into a solid residue. In this form, it will no longer "fly into the pipe." Further, catalytic post-treatment will begin with the help of catalysts, which will remove the remaining sulfur and nitrogen.
In addition, adsorption materials will be used that completely eliminate the emission of polluting compounds at the outlet, practically reducing this indicator to zero.