As you know, oil is a mixture of hydrocarbons formed as a result of complex processes of formation of sedimentary rocks over millions of years. Engineers at the US Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) have greatly accelerated this process. They have developed a unique technology for processing algae into crude oil.
Similar attempts have been made in the past, but due to high costs and imperfect technologies, they all ended in failure. Taking into account the experience of their predecessors, PNNL engineers have created a plant where seaweed is processed at a temperature of 350 ° C and a pressure of 20 MPa.
In other words, they were able to simulate the processes of oil formation occurring in the bowels of the Earth, reducing their time from millions of years to 1 hour. The technology is licensed and will soon begin production on an industrial scale. The main thing now is to have enough algae.