More than half a century ago, the object of study of the physicist Zhores Alferov was semiconductor heterostructures. Almost 40 years later, his research was highly appreciated by the Nobel Committee, which awarded him a prize in physics.
However, the opportunity to implement these ideas appeared only now. Thanks to them, we will soon see next generation solar panels. They will differ from their current predecessors, created using the technology of thin-film deposition of a silicon layer (2-3 microns) on a glass base.
Academician Zhores Alferov
Academician Alferov's idea is to replace the base with crystalline silicon with semiconductor nanostructures. Such an energy-producing solar module will cost half the price and have twice the efficiency.
New solar panels will appear next year. On their basis, autonomous power supply systems and solar power plants will be created in remote regions of Siberia and the Far East, as well as on the Crimean peninsula and in the southern regions of Russia.