The laser scalpel, developed by a group of Moscow physicists, differs from its medical steel counterparts in its wider application. So, in addition to his main surgical "specialty", he successfully mastered cutting and high-precision processing of metals and composite materials.
According to one of the leading specialists of the project, Ivan Obronov, who represents the Moscow Phystech, it is ceramics that is the most promising material for the production of lasers due to its availability and ease of manufacture. In addition, scientists can change the structure of the ceramics itself, thus changing the properties of the laser.
The laser, in the creation of which, in addition to the specialists of Phystech, their colleagues from the Institute of Applied Physics took part, is a kind of "cocktail" of rare-earth elements.
Its main feature is the ability to convert the energy "pumped" into it into infrared radiation with 50% efficiency. According to this indicator, it significantly surpasses its predecessors - solid-state laser emitters. At the same time, the wavelength generated by the laser allows it to be used for unique surgical operations with minimal tissue damage. In addition, the Russian laser is much cheaper and more compact than its Western counterparts.
The creators of the laser hope that it will find its application not only in medicine, but also in those areas of production where composite materials are widely used.