Adobe, a renowned developer of graphics and video editing software, has taken up the reverse task of creating counterfeit detection tools. We are talking primarily about things created with the help of the Adobe editors themselves, whose algorithms will now be revised. This work has been entrusted to a new artificial intelligence that analyzes traces of deep processing of images inaccessible to humans.
It is worth clarifying that Adobe intends to "play fair", so no "bookmarks" or markers will appear in its editors. Instead, AI is actually studying how software retouching tools work to reveal their characteristics. For example, if you cut out a fragment of an image taken with a regular webcam and paste it into another picture, the human eye will not notice the trick. But the AI will be able to notice the distortion of digital noise from the camera sensor.
Now the efforts of Adobe programmers, together with colleagues from the University of California, are focused on decrypting the operation of the "Face Aware Liquify" function. It is an evolutionary legacy of the old Liquify feature and allows you to automatically highlight the key elements of the face: the eye, nose, wart, and so on. To then edit this particular object and be able to distort the original physiognomy to your liking. It is a complex tool in itself, which is also based on AI technologies, and so it must be resisted by the new "digital detective" from Adobe.
The successes are already significant, which is confirmed by the experiment. Its participants were given a couple of images and asked to find out where the original is, and where is the professionally retouched picture. The success of humans is less than 53%, while AI, analyzing "digital footprints", achieved 99% accuracy. Better yet, he can use reverse editing to try to remove any traces of retouching and reproduce the original. However, the work in this direction is just beginning and the commercial version of the "decoder" will not appear soon.