It is no coincidence that titanium is called the winged metal, without which it is impossible to imagine the modern aerospace industry. In addition, it is widely used in the creation of various medical implants, as a hypoallergenic material.
However, all titanium alloys have one significant drawback - their relatively low hardness, which makes it impossible to use them to create cutting tools and other products that are resistant to deformation.
The development of Belgorod physicists can be rightfully considered a breakthrough. According to physicist Sergei Zherebtsov, the composite alloy has a whole range of unique qualities. It is very lightweight, is not afraid of corrosion, does not cause allergies and, in comparison with its "progenitor", pure titanium, is more durable and at the same time perfectly amenable to processing, which opens up excellent prospects for creating unique medical instruments.
The structure of the composite alloy is something resembling a metal honeycomb with titanium boride walls and voids, inside which there is a softer and more ductile titanium. This alloy is obtained by sintering at a temperature of 1000 ° C of a powder mixture of titanium and titanium diboride.
According to the developers, the tools made from the new composite will significantly "lose" in weight compared to their predecessors. In addition, with their help, it will be possible to carry out operations in a magnetic field.