The State Duma of Russia is considering the issue of fines against individuals and legal entities who intend to use the services of Western satellite Internet. The future law should, first of all, extremely restrict Internet access using Starlink SpaceX, OneWeb and other foreign satellite systems.
According to Popular Mechanics, the amount of fines can vary from 10, 000 to 30, 000 rubles for ordinary users and from 500, 000 to 1 million rubles for legal entities.
One of the main reasons for such harsh measures is the impossibility of using the foreign satellite Internet to carry out operational-search measures by special services. According to lawmakers, all Russian Internet traffic should go exclusively through controlled Russian communication providers.
One of the main supporters of blocking Starlink is the head of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin. He has repeatedly criticized NASA and the Pentagon for subsidizing SpaceX through government contracts. As for Starlink, this program, in addition to providing the Internet for the remaining 4% of the Earth's territory not covered by it, will, according to Rogozin, provide uninterrupted communications for the US special forces in various regions of the world.
The ban on the use of OneWeb looks somewhat strange, since this constellation of satellites will be launched into orbit, including with the help of Russian Soyuz launch vehicles from the Baikonur and Vostochny cosmodromes.
In turn, Russia will create its own global communication and remote sensing system "Sphere", the basis of which will be a constellation of 600 satellites. Its deployment will begin this year and should be completed in 2024.