Bumblebees "teach" plants to reproduce more actively

Plants can activate their reproductive abilities with the help of insects that collect nectar. This conclusion was reached by scientists from the universities of Edinburgh and Calgary, when, during the experiments, they discovered that honey plants arrange their flowers as conveniently as possible for bees.

Researchers, not without reason, believe that this became possible as a result of long evolution over thousands of years of coexistence of bees and plants. It was found that different combinations of the shape, size and color of flowers affect the ways of pollination by insects and birds.

Scientists have studied the features of the flight of bumblebees collecting nectar from wild larkspur flowers in the Canadian province of Alberta. So, if the flowers were located on one side of the stem, the bumblebees preferred to fly vertically between them. If the flowers were around the entire perimeter of the stem, the bumblebees almost did not fly up.

Larkspur

As a result, the research participants concluded that plants control the process of pollen collection by insects. The results obtained will help explain why about half of all flowering plants can have female or male characteristics at different times, which significantly increases their chances of reproduction.