An international group of scientists from the University of Tübingen and the Max Planck Institute (Germany) obtained complete data on the genome of ancient Egyptian mummies for the first time. In total, more than 150 mummified remains were examined, found in the town of Abusir El-Melek in the middle reaches of the Nile.
Samples date from around 1400 BC. e. up to 400 AD e. DNA has been subjected to thorough research - sequencing. As a result, scientists were able to restore the genome of the ancient Egyptians.
It turned out that the ancient Egyptians had a much greater kinship with the Europeans than the modern Egyptians. In particular, scientists were interested in the genetic trace of the conquests of Alexander the Great. As you know, his army in 332 BC. e. invaded Egypt, but no genetic traces were found, as well as other conquerors who visited here at different times over the course of 1300 years.
But the ancient Egyptians were closely associated with the peoples living in the territory of ancient Anatolia (modern Turkey), the Neolithic population of Europe and the Levant (Turkey, Lebanon).
This genetic lineage is somewhat inconsistent with the genotype of modern Egyptians, whose DNA is 8% identical to the DNA of peoples living in the south of the Sahara. Based on the data obtained, it can be assumed that the ancient Egyptians did not mix with the South African peoples for many centuries. The mixing took place later - during about the last 1500 years.