The new invention of researchers from the University of Cincinnati (USA) sounds like an ideal way to passively rid the body of fat. Alas, there is no talk of a miracle cure for weight loss yet. Although the work is moving in just this direction - scientists are trying to control the processes of removing excess fat from the bloodstream in order to reduce the load on the body.
When animals' bodies receive more energy than they expend, they store it in trigleceride fats. Usually they are located in fat folds, but with a large excess they are washed out from there and ply through the bloodstream, becoming an obstacle for it. For such cases, the body provides a protein regulator apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5), which removes triglycerides from the body.
The production of the APOA5 protein is extremely small, it is poorly understood, so American scientists set up an experiment on its synthesis. To do this, the bacteria were introduced to the appropriate gene, started the work of the bacterial farm and after several attempts achieved an impressive "harvest" - up to 25 ml per 1 liter of medium. Now with a surplus of resources, scientists began to feed the mice and "cleanse" their blood with shock doses of APOA5.
Experiments with rodents were crowned with great success - their blood was successfully cleared of triglycerides, even with a diet of purely fatty foods. Alas, this does not mean yet that the same can be repeated with a person, besides, scientists are not aware of the long-term effects and side factors. But the researchers have at their disposal a convenient farm with bacteria, in which they can grow protein in the required volumes for further experiments.