On the territory of the Lyakhovsky Islands in Yakutia, reindeer herders found the carcass of an extinct cave bear in the permafrost. According to researchers from the North-Eastern Federal University in Yakutsk, the find is absolutely unique - for the first time in the hands of scientists, an almost complete corpse, which even has internal organs.
Previously, scientists have found only the skeletons of cave bears, occasionally with fragments of skin and soft tissues. The new specimen is magnificent from the point of view of researchers, the bear's nose is intact, all teeth are in place, muscle fibers and even a little wool cover are preserved. It belongs to the species Ursus spelaeus, which became extinct 15, 000 years ago. This individual died in the range from 23 to 39 thousand years ago, more precisely, it will be possible to say after the analysis.
The cave bear is a typical representative of the Ice Age fauna; it coexisted with mammoths, saber-toothed felines and giant sloths. Compared to modern bears, he was a giant weighing over a ton. Most scientists are now interested in its DNA, they want to compare it with the genetic material of another cave bear - a cub recently found in the same region. There is every reason to believe that as the permafrost thaws, such finds will become more and more, and therefore it is already necessary to create a genetic database of extinct creatures.